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Banks have started realizing the importance of pricing as a banking enterprise entity. Core banking solutions fit well as technology solutions for banks' day to day business.
However, the core banking solution itself cannot cater to all the fee-income needs of a bank. This is attributable to the complex nature of each bank with regard to its independent departments or business silos and their disparate systems. Over a period, there is a severe inability to visualize the fee income or pricing of charges at the enterprise level.
How a Core Banking Solution Works. A core banking solution, often referred to as a CBS, typically has a GL subsystem at its core with plug-in satellite modules catering to the various divisions of the bank. The satellite modules, referred to as "modules," cater to the business functionalities of the various lines of business of the bank. Typical CBS modules include but are not limited to: Non-financial modules:
* Customer definition and accounts. * Customer boundaries definition, credit lines, a central bank reporting structure. * Messaging and advice. * End-of-day processing modules, etc.
* Loans, deposits, money markets. * Letters of credits and bills. * Treasury. * Liquidity management. * Local payments and cross-border payments. * Nostrum reconciliations. * Interest and charge definitions, etc.
Each line of business must employs one or more of these modules to run its occupation . The modules are used to create contracts with customers at the branch level for various products . For example, a short term, fixed-rate loan contract for the account of a large corporate customer has multiple components associated with it, such as the contract-principal component, tax component, interest component, product-preference component,. charge component, etc.
Transactions are rendered at the component level during various events of the contract life cycle, such as contract initiation, booking, accrual, liquidation, rollover, advice generation, contract cancellation, etc.. Such dollar (or any other currency) transactions hit the accounting and GL subsystem at the core. Thus, the core GL and accounting system ties the various silos together.
As we have seen, the CBS and its modules are used by the lines of business to manage customer contracts and their life cycles as well as most income classified as non-fee income.
Core Banking and Fee Income
The modules in a CBS have a charge component associated with a customer contract that allows the bank to charge fees. This charge component can generate transactions during various events. The charges, however, are only basic charges that could be required at an account-contract level.
In practice, there are multiple other fees and charge components that banks catch using multiple fringe systems in each silo.
The Limitations of Core Banking Solutions for Fee-Based Income Fee-based income plays an important role in the overall profitability of a bank. Limitations on the growth of traditional spread-based income have only led to an increase in the weight of fee-based income.
Hence, banks are looking for a way to view charge income at the enterprise level-i.e., a single-customer view of all of a bank's fee-based income. This means there is a need for the ability to develop enterprise-level pricing strategies, charge the customer at the relationship level, give a bundled fee offering to the customer, etc.. A CBS and its modules are not designed to cater to a need for enterprise-wide pricing and billing.